Glaucoma is an eye disease that causes optic nerve damage and if it goes undetected, in some cases it may lead to loss of vision. Once there is damage to the optic nerve, it is permanent. Glaucoma is classified into two groups; chronic glaucoma or open-angle glaucoma and acute glaucoma or closed-angle glaucoma. Either type can lead to permanent vision damage in the eye that is affected and can lead to blindness if it goes untreated. If you have a family history of glaucoma, a previous eye injury or take steroids, you may be at risk for glaucoma and should visit an optometrist in Coral Springs, Lighthouse Point, FL or Boca Raton, FL as soon as possible for a thorough eye examination. Here are a few symptoms that you should be aware that may signal the onset of glaucoma.
Eyes that are affected with glaucoma tend to have the whites become a noticeable red. Chronic glaucoma typically affects both eyes, whereas acute glaucoma typically only affects one eye, so the redness will be noticeable in only the eye affected with glaucoma. The eye that is red will also have the rim of the eyelid become red; the eye/eyelid also becomes swollen and encrusted.
One of the most common symptoms of acute closed-angle glaucoma is excruciating pain in the affected eye. The eye that is affected will suddenly begin to ache, progressing into extreme pain which can be incapacitating. This type of pain is unlike eye pain that generally includes throbbing or heaviness behind your eyes, glaucoma causes the outer surface of your eye to ache. When these eye pains occur, it is important to not tightly clutch or rub the affected eye, because it may cause more irritation.
Halos, Spots or Double Vision
Many people with glaucoma report seeing rainbow-like halos when they look directly at a light source. Some people describe the sensation as seeing spots or having double-vision when looking at lights.
Peripheral Vision is Lost
People with open-angle glaucoma are often made aware of possible vision impairment when they start to lose their peripheral vision. Problems with your peripheral vision mean that when objects that are not in your direct vision appear unclear, blurry or difficult to detect. In this situation, you should schedule an eye examination as soon as possible.
It is important to note that many of the symptoms of glaucoma do not present themselves until after the disease has been to progress, so if you are at a risk of developing glaucoma or you are experiencing in of the symptoms of glaucoma, it is essential that you contact your optometrist for an eye examination as soon as possible.